Asset Turnover Ratio Definition

how to calculate asset turnover ratio

Higher total asset turnover numbers are better because they indicate that a company is generating more income for every dollar that the company owns in assets. To determine your average total assets, you will need to go back two years in your bookkeeping. Find the amount of your total assets for the current year and previous year, then add the two numbers together.

  • He has a BBA in Industrial Management from the University of Texas at Austin.
  • It’s being seen that in the retail industry, this ratio is usually higher, i.e., more than 2.
  • The management needs to determine the right amount of investment in each asset.
  • Typically, total asset turnover ratio is calculated on an annual basis, although if needed it can be calculated over a shorter or longer timeframe.
  • The asset turnover ratio is calculated by dividing net sales by average total assets.

Hence a higher ratio for asset turnover is a good sign that the company is using its assets efficiently. Conversely, if the ratio is lower it indicates that the company is not using its assets efficiently. asset turnover ratio There are various reasons for which the asset turnover ratio may be lower for a company. Some of the reasons are poor inventory management and collection methods or due to excess production capacity.


The average ratio varies significantly across different sectors, so it makes the most sense for only ratios of companies in the same or comparable sectors to be benchmarked. Comparing the ratios of companies in different industries is not appropriate, as industries vary in capital intensiveness. Ratio comparisons across markedly different industries do not provide a good insight into how well a company is doing.

Look at the assets you are using to generate revenue and see if there’s anything you can do with them better than others in the industry. There are a couple of things to keep in mind when you calculate your asset turnover ratio. Once you have the balances, simply add them together and divide by two to calculate your average asset value for the year. For example, if your asset total as of January 1 was $44,000 and the ending total as of December 31 was $51,750, you would add them together and then divide by two. If you want to compare the asset turnover with another company, it should be done with the companies in the same industry.

Explanation of Asset Turnover Ratio Formula

It compares the dollar amount of sales to its total assets as an annualized percentage. Thus, to calculate the asset turnover ratio, divide net sales or revenue by the average total assets. One variation on this metric considers only a company’s fixed assets instead of total assets. The asset turnover ratio, also known as the total asset turnover ratio, measures the efficiency with which a company uses its assets to producesales. The asset turnover ratio formula is equal to net sales divided by the total or average assets of a company. A company with a high asset turnover ratio operates more efficiently as compared to competitors with a lower ratio. This efficiency ratio compares net sales to fixed assets and measures a company’s ability to generate net sales from its fixed-asset investments, namelyproperty, plant, and equipment(PP&E).

Asset Turnover Ratio: Definition & Formula – Seeking Alpha

Asset Turnover Ratio: Definition & Formula.

Posted: Tue, 21 Jun 2022 07:00:00 GMT [source]

However, the company then has fewer resources to generate sales in the future. The asset turnover ratio calculation can be modified to omit these uncommon revenue occurrences. Average total assets are found by taking the average of the beginning and ending assets of the period being analyzed.

Interpreting the Asset Turnover Ratio

On the other hand, the creditors use the ratio to check if the company has the potential to generate adequate cash flow from the newly purchased equipment to pay back the loan used to buy it. This ratio is typically useful in the case of the manufacturing industry, where companies have large and expensive equipment purchases. Firstly, note the company’s net sales, which are easily available as a line item in the income statement.

  • While the asset turnover ratio should be used to compare stocks that are similar, the metric does not provide all of the detail that would be helpful for stock analysis.
  • For example, retail businesses tend to have small asset bases but much higher sales volumes, so they’re likely to have a much higher asset turnover ratio.
  • As with all financial ratios, a closer look is necessary to understand the company-specific factors that can impact the ratio.
  • A higher ratio is favorable, as it indicates a more efficient use of assets.
  • The asset turnover ratio compares a company’s total average assets to its total sales.
  • When calculated over several years, your average asset turnover ratio can help to pinpoint business efficiency trends and spot problem areas before they become a major issue.

Then we won’t compare their asset turnover ratio against each other. Rather, in that case, we need to find out the average asset turnover ratio of the respective industries, and then we can compare the ratio of each company. As shown in the formula below, the ratio compares a company’s net sales to the value of its fixed assets. For instance, if the total turnover of a company is 1.0x, that would mean the company’s net sales are equivalent to the average total assets in the period. Company A reported beginning total assets of $199,500 and ending total assets of $199,203. Over the same period, the company generated sales of $325,300 with sales returns of $15,000.

Can Asset Turnover Be Gamed by a Company?

Therefore, to get an accurate sense of a firm’s efficacy level, it makes sense to compare the numbers with those of other companies that operate in the same industry. Fundamentally, in order to calculate the average total assets, what you have to do is simply add the beginning and ending total asset balances together and divide the result by two.

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